Ten Arnold School
with prestigious RO1 grants
Ten scientists at
USC’s Arnold School of Public Health are currently conducting noteworthy
studies supported by prestigious RO1 research grants from the National
Institutes of Health.
officials say these grants testify to the quality of the individual
researchers as well as the significance
of their investigations.
director of the Arnold School’s Office of Research, said that the R01, or Research Project Grant, is
the original and historically oldest grant mechanism used by the
National Institutes of Health in support of health-related research and
The R01 mechanism allows an investigator to
define the scientific focus or objective of the research based on a
particular area of interest and competence.
R01s are generally
awarded for one to five years and provide enough funding to pay for the
full scope of the proposed project. But in today’s funding climate, RO1s
are difficult to obtain because sharp Congressional budget reductions
have cut into NIH funding.
“At the beginning
of this decade, nearly one-third of grant applications were funded. In
fiscal year 2006, only 9,128 out of 45,688 applications to NIH were
funded, or 20 percent,” said Cate.
Even some of the
current Arnold School grants were trimmed after initial approval,
researchers come from three of the school’s academic departments and a
companion research and outreach program:
Chris Rorden, Dr. Dimitar Deliyski, Dr. Eric Healy
and Dr. Julius Fridriksson of the Department of
Communication Sciences and Disorders are working on studies
supported by the National
Institute of Deafness and other Communication Disorders (Deliyski,
Healy, Fridriksson) and the National Institute of Neurological
Disorders and Stroke (Rorden).
Healy’s efforts are
aimed at better understanding how humans process speech and how
hearing problems influence that process.
Fridriksson is studying the factors that influence
recovery in stroke victims. Delyiski is developing new methodologies
to help diagnose voice disorders and to advance the basic science of
understanding voice while Rorden is looking into stroke damage to
the right side of the brain and how it influences the potential for
Russell Pate are from the Department of Exercise Science. The
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute is supporting a project by
Wilcox to promote physical activity and healthy
eating in AME churches.
Institute of Child Health and Human Development is supporting Pate’s
research into physical activity in preschool children.
Dr. Angela Liese
and Dr. Robert McKeown are from the Department of
Epidemiology and Biostatistics.
The National Institute of Mental
Health is funding McKeown who is studying the relationship between
diabetes and depression in youths aged 10 to 19.
Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases is
to describe and map the spatial distribution of incident pediatric
diabetes in South Carolina, Ohio, Colorado, and Washington.
Deborah Parra-Medina of
the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior is
working on a study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood
Institute on how best to effectively promote cardiovascular heart
disease risk reduction in poor African-American women ages 35 years
Patricia Sharpe of the
USC Prevention Research Center is working with
a group of overweight or
obese women of lower income to help them become more active, eat
healthier and trim 10 percent of their weight over a 16 week
period. The study is funded by funded by the
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.